Chelsey Cochee

Outline for College Speech May 2008

 

    Introduction:

·             * On December 7, 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor
        * Ten hours later they attacked the Philippines clearing the way for an overwhelming invasion of the world.

I.    President Roosevelt focused first on Europe to stop Hitler which sealed the soldiers’ fate heading into the Philippines.

II.   10,000 Americans and 60,000 Filipino’s went to the Bataan peninsula with nobody to rescue them.

A.  They fought in the Battle of Bataan which was part of the Battle of the Philippines during World War

B. The soldiers kept them fighting so long in the Philippines that the Japanese could not get their time line completed and thus we were able to secure Australia and take over the other islands which were important because all the islands were refueling spots for aircraft

C.  Without a place to land and refuel, aircraft could not get to places to protect or bomb.

D. Under orders, General D. MacArthur escaped to Australia but vowed to return for his troops

E.  After four months of fighting with no supplies and dying of starvation, they surrendered to Japanese troops on April 9, 1942.
 

II      III.   Following the surrender of the Battle of Bataan, the Prisoners of War (POWs) started marching to a prison

A.     They walked all day long with no food or water.

B.     If they stepped out of line to use the bathroom or try to rest they were shot, bayoneted, stabbed, or beaten
   with rifles.    

C.     Sick and weak prisoners were killed.

A.     At nighttime they slept in open fields.

B.     This became known as the Bataan Death March and lasted for six days.

IV.         About 70,000 POWs started that march with about 15,000 dying along the way. 

A.     Survivors were herded into camps and Japanese guards were inhumane and brutal.

B.     The men were fed a rice ball every other day most times and rarely if at all received water.

C.     Thousands of POWs died from disease, starvation, and abuse.

D.     Many of the POWSs got malaria and died.

E.      For more than 33 months they were starved and horribly mistreated at the hands of the Japanese.

V.     On Aug 1, 1944 it was dictated there would be no escape of POWs and to kill them all if Americans tried to advance.

VI.   The Truman library in Independence, MO, has the original Japanese order stating they would execute all prisoners of war if America invaded.

VII.  The threats were validated by the deaths of about 150 American prisoners at a POW camp on Palawan, another Philippine island, who were killed by their guards on December 14, 1944.

VIII.  One Incident: Palawan. Prisoners were forced in raid shelters and burned alive.

A. If any tried to run out they were shot.

IX.  In 1944 American forces advanced on Japan.

A. The actual bombing started at the end of 1944.

B. The Americans  started bombing close by the POW camp which gave the POW's hope the end was near.

X.  The raid on Camp Cabanatuan was sure to be a failure.      

A.  There were only 121 troops from the elite U.S. Army 6th Ranger Battalion to rescue 513 American and British POWs who had spent three years in a camp near the city of Cabanatuan.

XI.  The element of surprise was the only advantage that the troops had.

A.   They left January 28th with very little information about what would be happening and they walked
 two days in open terrain patrolled by the enemy.

B.  They were going to rescue them all or die trying.

C.  It was the most complex and daring operation that Rangers conducted during World War II , one of the most successful and the only successful liberation raid of POW's in a camp on the Philippines.

D.  All but one of the American and Allied POWs were rescued while about 523 Japanese were killed or wounded.

E.  Two of the Army Rangers were killed, one dying later from injuries, and only seven injured.

    XI. The actual surrender of the Japanese was on August 9, 1945.

Conclusion:

              It is the men who became Prisoners of War who changed the course of history.
              They never gave up fighting for America's freedom and they never gave in to the Japanese forces.

It was these brave POWs, as well as the thousands that died, who fought off a good part of the Japanese Army enabling us to secure islands that the Japanese had planned to take over and then control the whole world

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