|Movement of POW Into Omuta
Research by Jim Erickson, Texas A&M -
his Home Page
The first 500 POWs arrived at Camp #17 on 10 Aug 1943 after a 15 day journey from Manila to
Moji aboard the Clyde Maru (known to the men as the Mate Mate Maru).
The next 7 Americans (#500-507) arrived on 24 March 1944 after a journey aboard the
The third group to arrive was a mix of Australian (#507-655), British (#657-664), and Dutch
(#668-928) POWs who arrived on 18 June 1944 after sailing on the Teia Maru. (ex
The fourth group consisted of 200 British enlisted men and 2 officers (#931-1128) aboard
the Hioki Maru.
The second large contingent of American POWs (#1131-1332) arrived on 2 Sept 1944 aboard
the SS Canadian Inventor (the Mati Mati Maru).
The next group (#1337-1430) consisted of Dutch personnel transferred from other camps in
The seventh group were Australians (#1431-1629) who arrived 16 Jan 1945 after a journey
aboard the Awa Maru.
A small group of Americans, Australians, British, and Dutch were transported from other
Japanese Camps to Fukuoka #17 near the end of Jan 45. (#1632-1683)
On 30 Jan 1945, 96 men from the Brazil Maru, including Capt. John Duffy went to Camp
#17. Chaplain Duffy was moved to Mukden in April 1945. The other 95 men were assigned
numbers 1684 to 1777.
A group of men from Taiwan make up the next group (#'s 1778-1873). The men most likely
arrived in mid Jan 1945 aboard the Melbourne Maru, but may have come aboard Enoshima
Maru in early Feb 1945. These men included British and Dutch survivors of the hellship
Hofuku Maru, sunk off Luzon, 21 Sept 1944 with the loss of about 950 POWs. Many of
these men were taken to Taiwan aboard Hokusen Maru in Oct-Nov 1944 and others on
Oryoku Maru and Brazil Maru in Dec 44-Jan 45. The remainder consisted of American,
Norwegian, and Czech nationals who had been taken to Taiwan aboard Hokusen Maru.
Seven or eight survivors of the Oryoku Maru/Enoura Maru/Brazil Maru journeys of Dec
44-Jan 45 were brought to Fukuoka 17 from Fukuoka 22 in late Feb or early March 45. Two
remained at the camp(#1886, #1892) but the others plus several of the original group of
American officers including Maj. John Mamerow, were sent to Mukden, Manchuria on 25 April
In June 1945 a group of about 100 Australians (#'s above 1893) were transferred from camp
Fukuoka camp 13-D, Oita, to Fukuoka 17. These men had first arrived in Japan in Sept 1944 aboard
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